Researchers of Karaj IAU Make WPC Using Almond Shells

Monday, November 7, 2016 - 09:59

Researchers at the Islamic Azad University Karaj branch, have made samples of WPC with good thermal stability by using almond shell flour (ASF), polymer polypropylene, and nanoclays.

According to the Iran Nano Technology Initiative Council, due to the low density, thermal insulation features and mechanical properties, lignocellulose is a suitable material for strengthening plastics and can replace artificial fiber in making thermoplastic materials.

A faculty member of Karaj IAU, Dr. Seyyed Khalil Hosseini Hashemi stated that the main objective of this research was to study the potential uses of almond shell flour (ASF) in the production of thermoplastic composites containing montmorillonite (MMT), “one of the most important strategies of making WPC, is using agricultural and horticultural wastes and scraps. Almonds are one of the most important natural resources in the world and their shells are made up of lignocellulosic material.”

He noted that thermal stability of nanocomposites has been improved by adding nanoclay in this research. The physical and mechanical operation of a few structures was also deemed to be acceptable. Durability against moisture, heat, and fungus are the main features of the created polymer. This polymer can be applied in transportation, industrial and construction applications, especially in urban structures, and marine, electronics, and household industries.

The study was carried out by Dr. seyyed Khalil Hosseini Hashemi, Ayoub Eshqi, Karaj IAU MS student, Professor Nadir Ayrilmis from Istanbul University, and Dr. Habibollah Khademieslam, faculty member of S & R IAU.

The result of the study was published on BioResources Journal, Vol 11, No 3 (2016)

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