Researchers from Razi University of Kermanshah Review Biotechnological Research on Camelina Sativa Oilseed Crop

Tuesday, December 5, 2017 - 16:37

Researchers from Razi University of Kermanshah have modified Camelina seed oil for cultivation in dehydrated conditions.

According to an ISCA report, Camelina [Camelina sativa (L.) Crantz], a member of the Brassicaceae family, has a unique oil profile that has potential both for biofuels and as a food crop. This species has been breeded, propagated and cultivated for the first time in Iran

Omega-3 fats have a variety of health benefits related to their anti-inflammatory properties. The most common medical conditions that consuming more omega-3 foods have been prescribed for: high cholesterol, depression, anxiety, ADHD, cancer, diabetes, inflammation, arthritis, infertility, IBD (inflammatory bowel disease), alzheimer’s disease, macular degeneration and skin issues (eczema and psoriasis).

In this research, which has been carried out by Danial Kahrizi, 136 doubled haploid lines derived from androgenesis of 15 crosses were produced and evaluated. All fatty acids profile was determined. Omega-3 levels ranged from 31 to 40 percent, omega-6 ranged from 14 to 20%, oils ranged from 35 to 42%, and protein content ranged from 28 to 33%. All lines were screened for compatibility and cold and frost resistance.

Among the studied lines, the DH1025 line showed the best compatibility and performance (about 1000 kg/ha seed yield and an average oil content of about 35%) in dryland conditions in all climates. This line runs the introduction process. The Line DH1025 was cultivated in 12 provinces of the Iran during two years and its adaptation to absolute rain conditions was proven.

The biodiesel was used for this line. Using the nanocatalyst, biodiesel was produced. The salinity resistance of this line was compared to rapeseed and its tolerance to saline was significantly higher than rapeseed. Camelina meal was used to feed quail and ducks and showed significant effects on their growth and production (eg. meat and eggs).

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