Researchers Create Highly Effective Seed Fertilizer

Saturday, December 16, 2017 - 09:59

Russian researchers have developed a new generation of innovative fertilizers based on nanopowders of transition metals such as iron, copper, and cobalt that are capable of increasing crop productivity by 25 per cent.

Researchers at the National University of Science and Technology MISiS (NUST MISiS) in collaboration with Kostychev Ryazan State Agrotechnological University and Derzhavin Tambov State University have tested a new innovative fertilizer based on nanopowders of transition metals, which they claim can increase crop productivity by 25 percent.

Russian researchers have developed a new generation of fertilizers based on metal nanopowders. The new fertilizers can significantly optimize the technology of a range of agrochemical processes, specifically, it could reduce the number of processes to just the pretreatment of seeds with an agent containing the necessary minerals in nanoform.

“We have developed a fertilizer of a new generation based on nanopowders of metals, which allows us to significantly optimize the technology of a number of agrochemical actions, and to be exact — to reduce them to a one seed treatment by a product containing the essential microelements in nanoform. These particles of transition metals have a powerful stimulating effect on plant growth in the initial growth phase. Thus, the future plant is provided with a supply of necessary microelements at the stage of seeding, which allows us to improve field germination, increase resistance to adversity, and, ultimately, to get a [better] harvest—as the experiments have shown these figures increase by 20-25 per cent," said in a press release Alexander Gusev, the head of the project and a senior research associate at the NUST MISIS Department of Functional Nanosystems.

There are many reasons these fertilizers might be economically effective. First, cost amounts to just about one gram of dry matter per ton of seeds. Second, the number of cultivation processes are reduced to just one seed treatment, which will reduce labor costs and the cost of using machinery.

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