Iranian Researchers Develop Novel Bio-Nano Emulsion Fuel Based on Biodegradable Nanoparticles to Reduce Exhaust Emissions

Saturday, July 21, 2018 - 14:20

Researchers of Tarbiat Modares University in cooperation with Research Institute of Petroleum Industry have used a combination of diesel-biodiesel-water-biodegradable nanoparticles to optimize fuel consumption, reduce pollutants, and enhance diesel engine performance for first time.

According to an ISCA report, nowadays, energy is the most challenging issue in the world. Although nanotechnology has been promising in offering huge developments in various fields, there are still concerns about the potential threats of nanotechnology products and applications.

Based on the research, carried out by researchers of Tarbiat Modares University and Research Institute of Petroleum Industry, Carbon quantum dot nanoparticles were synthesized through the hydrothermal method using orange peel and were then characterized thoroughly. Water and quantum dot nanoparticles were added to the B15 fuel (diesel fuel containing 15% biodiesel) in various concentrations. Then, engine performance experiments were performed using a single cylinder engine to investigate functional parameters and assess exhaust pollutants.

The obtained results showed that the addition of water and quantum dot nanoparticles to the B15 fuel causes an increase in engine torque and power and decreases the brake specific fuel consumption. This is due to the better mixing of the fuel and air in combustion chamber and provision of more oxygen. It was also revealed that the use of emulsion nanofuels decreases the emission of unburned hydrocarbons and nitrogen oxides (NOx).

By employing the B15W5-CQD60 fuel (B15 fuel containing 5% water and 60 ppm carbon quantum dots), diesel engine power at the rate of 2700 rpm was increased by 21% compared with the B15 pure fuel. Furthermore, using the B15W10 fuel (B15 fuel containing 10% water), NOx emission was decreased by 25% on average compared with the B15 pure fuel.

The project was done by PhD. student of Department of Mechanical & Biosystems Engineering, Tarbiat Modares University, Dr. Ehsanollah Ettefaghi, faculty members of Tarbiat Modares University including Dr. Barat Ghobadian, Gholam Hassan Najafi and Dr. Mohammad Hadi Khoshtaghaza, also faculty member of Research Institute of Petroleum Industry, Alimorad Rashidi.

Related News

Researchers Convert CO2 Emissions to Fuel Using Black Nano Gold

1398/4/25 15:12

Researchers Produce Liquefiable Fuels Through Artificial Photosynthesis

1398/4/11 08:51

Scientists Discover Immortal Strange Group of Quantum Particles

1398/3/27 15:54

Africa to Co-op with Iran in Nanotechnology

1397/12/20 11:14

Iranian Scientists Biosynthesize Nanoparticles Using Principles of Green Chemistry

1397/7/15 14:45

Iranian Researchers Transform Iron Boring Scraps to Superparamagnetic Nanoparticles

1397/7/10 09:54

Kerman Researchers Produce “Nanocatalist” From Carthamus Tinctorius

1397/6/31 12:38

Aliabad-e Katul IAU Researchers Develop a New Method to Produce Silver Nanowires

1397/6/20 10:38

Universities’ International Relations Will Strengthen Political Diplomacy

1397/6/11 11:55

Engineers Use Gold Nanobeads to Remove Pollutants From Wastewater

1397/6/5 15:33

Pilot Plant Shows Low-Cost Conversion of CO2 Into Fuel

1397/3/19 11:01

Researchers Develop Chitosan Hydrogel Intended for Cartilage Tissue Engineering

1396/11/11 15:44

Researchers Discover New Cellulose that Could Cut Fuel Costs & Treat Infections

1396/11/3 09:59

Engineers Develop a Fossil Fuel Technology that Doesn't Pollute

1396/10/13 10:07

AUT Researcher Creates Nano Fuel Cell

1396/10/10 15:16

Lenjan IAU Students Make Fuel Consumption Optimizer

1396/8/30 14:18

Young Iranians Create Eco-Friendly Hybrid Car

1396/8/30 10:54

Reaserchers of Amirkabir University of Technology Produce Biodegradable Plastic

1396/8/23 12:11

'Solar Paint' Could Transform Houses Into a Clean Source of Energy

1396/3/27 00:15

Fuel-Free Aircraft Will Launch in 2018

1395/9/20 16:12

Invention of Shiraz Sama IAU Student Ranks Top in German Competition

1394/8/20 20:33

Receiving Top Rank in the Third Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Conference

1394/3/4 12:09

Opinions


Popular News

Latest News