ISCA News Reviews:

Iran 2019 Scientific and Academic Breakthroughs/ Part 1

Wednesday, January 1, 2020 - 12:27

Over the past year, Iranian researchers, scientists and engineers have achieved many honors and pulled off some impressive feats. In this regard, ISCA News Agency is making an effort to cover and review some these accomplishments in 2019 in four parts.

According to an ISCA report, Iran made remarkable achievements in science and technology in 2019, ranging from holding notable scientific meetings, symposiums and conferences, exporting Iranian-produced biopharmaceuticals, winning awards in significant international arenas, having achievements in various fields of nanotechnology, biotechnology and stem cells, and many other successes from the ocean to space.

Iranian Scientists Make a Domestic Nuclear Fusion Plasma Confinement Device

In January 2019, for the first time Iranian scientists from Amirkabir University could build a nuclear fusion plasma confinement device by relying on the use of a completely domestic technology. The device, due to its similar surface to the world’s best tokamaks (magnetic confinement devices), is suitable for conducting basic research on technologies related to confinement and measurement of plasma parameters for obtaining the technology for generating nuclear fusion energy in the country.

Iranian Researchers Create Genosensor to Detect HTLV-I

Also a group of researchers at University of Tehran designed a genosensor which can detect HTLV-I, the cause of T-cell leukemia and T-cell lymphoma. The HTLV-I is a recognized cancer virus which can cause blood cancer. This project uses fluorescent carbon dots to detect HTLV-I virus. The product makes the detection process of the virus affordable and fast compared to other common methods.

Iranian-Produced Biopharmaceuticals Exported to 17 Countries

In February 2019, Mostafa Ghanei, Chairman of the Biotechnology Development Council, announced that the country enjoys desirable conditions regarding the production of biopharmaceuticals, adding that the Iranian produced biotech drugs are currently being exported to 17 countries in the world.

He estimated that about $1 billion would be saved each year due to the country’s self-sufficiency in producing its required biopharmaceuticals, adding “currently, biopharmaceuticals top the list of Iran’s imported medicine, and the Biotechnology Development Council has plans to replace this imported volume with domestic production in three years.”

Iranian Students Shine in 2019 US. Int’l Architecture Competition

In this month, Iranian students from University of Science and Technology won a citation award at ‘the 2019 International Architecture at Zero’ competition in the US. They received the award for its plan, called BREATHOOD CUBIC. The plan aims at using climate potentials as a way to prevent using non-renewable energies.

Iranian Engineers Could Bbreak the Monopoly of Producing SAC500 Catalyst

In March 2019, for the first time in the country, SAC500 catalyst has been put into operation for the production of heavy polyethylene pipe (PE100). Chief Executive of Petrochemical Research and Technology Company (PRTC) Ali Pajouhan stated that Islamic Republic of Iran managed to break the monopoly of producing SAC500 catalyst which was earlier manufactured by a few number of countries in the world.

The hi-tech SAC500 catalyst is widely used for producing heavy polyethylene grades. Elsewhere in his remarks, he pointed out that Islamic Republic of Iran is a serious rival to world’s leading companies that undertake manufacturing this type of catalyst.

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