ISCA News Reviews:

Iran 2019 Scientific and Academic Breakthroughs/ Part 3

Tuesday, January 7, 2020 - 14:05

Many scientific discoveries happened this year in our country. In this regard, ISCA NEWS has rounded up some of the major breakthroughs scientists are on the precipice of discovering in 4 parts.

According to an ISCA report, here is our pick of some of the biggest news stories of the July, August and September of 2019.

July:

Iranian Engineers Make Surgical Robot Heartbeat Synchronization

Iranian engineers in cooperation with Dr. Mahdi Tavakoli from University of Alberta, and international cooperation of Iran Ministry of Science, Research and Technology, made Surgical Robot Heartbeat Synchronization.

Dr. Heidar Ali Talebi, head of AmirKabir University of Technology, Department of Electrical Engineering, stated that the robot can move at the same time of the heartbeat in order to assist surgery to be operated with precision.

The robot can be controlled remotely by a doctor using a computer-linked joystick, said Dr. Iman Sharifi, faculty member of AmirKabir University of Technology, Department of Engineering.

Buin Zahra IAU to Export Smart Subsurface Drip Irrigation System to Arab Countries

The head of Buin Zahra IAU Incubator center has announced on exporting smart subsurface drip irrigation system to Arab countries.

Mehdi Moharrampour stated that as a low-cost smart way, ‘WaterSuab’ will enter the domestic and foreign market. In the past, traditional irrigation systems in gardens were widely used techniques, causing costly for Iran because of dehydration. Now, dehydration is a major problem in the country.

He noted that automatic error-monitoring system in the smart model, ability of shifting easily, fixing problems by removing the dropper and monitoring irrigation networks intelligently, reducing water consumption, up to 50%, fertilizer consumption more that 50% and energy consumption by more than 70% and having nanoparticle filteration are some advantages of this system.

Iran’s MRL Wins 5 C’ship Titles in RoboCup 2019

The Iranian MRL team from Qazvin Azad University won 5 championship titles at different categories of the RoboCup 2019 in Sydney, Australia.

The team also obtained the first place in the ‘Drop in’ category of the humanoid league. MRL won another championship title in the Rescue-Simulation league, as well as one in the virtual robot league.

In the junior virtual robot team, another Iranian team, ‘Salam’ from Eslam High School, secured the second place. Meanwhile, MRL were ranked third in the Soccer-Small Size league.

The Iranian team also won a championship title in the industrial league and the technical league. Thus, MRL concluded their participation at the world robotic competitions with three titles in the major leagues, two first places in technical leagues, and a third place in another major league.

Iranian Students Shine at Intl. Olympiads

Iranian math students won six medals at the 60th International Mathematical Olympiad (IMO 2019), which was held on 11-22 July in Bath, United Kingdom.

Iranian biology students won four colorful medals at the 30th International Biology Olympiad (IBO 2019) which was held on 14-21 July 2019 in Szeged, Hungary.

Iranian chemistry students received four medals at the 51st International Chemistry Olympiads (IChO 2019) which was held on 21-30 July 2019 in Paris, France.

August:

Iranian Engineers Create Power Insulator Cleaning Robot

Engineers from Amirkabir University of Technology succeeded in designing a robotic arm which is able to clean power insulators.

Amir Abolfazl Suratgar, faculty member of Department of Electrical Engineering at Amirkabir University of Technology, explained that reducing downtime, increasing the speed of cleaning as well as improving the quality of cleaning are some advantages of this robotic arm.

He noted that being able to clean insulators without using conductive liquids, high quality cleaning in upper and lower surfaces, automatic movement along the insulator chains, evaluating cleanliness and working in various hot (up to 60 degrees centigrade) and cold ( almost -40 degrees centigrade) climates are considered as some other advantages of this technology.

Iranian Students Shine in 2019 FIRA RoboWorld Cup

Iranian representatives succeeded in winning 14 championship, 8 vice-champion and and 5 third place title at the Roboworld Cup in South Korea's Changwon.

Iranian robotics teams displayed a great performance in the 24th edition of FIRA RoboWorld Cup in South Korea, held from 11th to 16th August 2019.

In the section of FIRA AIR the team of AUTMan from Amirkabir University of Technology won the championship title in technical competitions.

The team also became runner-up in the main competition, in the same league, and won 3rd place in emergency service indoor as well. In Student League, in the category of FIRA Air competition for Autonomous Race flying robots, the robotics team Arman, located in Mashhad, became champion.

In SimuroSot category, AUTMan-AMOS could perform well against its rivals from China, South Korea, Mexico, Taiwan and Singapore, and won third place in this scientific event. In FIRA Sports, in the section of RoboSot Race, AUTMan ranked 2nd as well.

In FIRA Challenges, in Autonomous Cars, the Microdev team came in first in technical competitions, also the teams Hope, from Shamsipour Technical College, and Kerman_UPNOP ranked 2nd and 3rd respectively in Innovation and Business section. In Student section of the same league, the team “Little Scientists” could win the first place as well.

Iranian students also competed strongly in various leagues against their opponents from America, Germany, South Korea, Turkey, Russia, Malaysia, Philippines, China, India, Indonesia, Taiwan and Canada and received honors in the 24th edition, organized by the Federation of International Robosports Association (FIRA).

Iranian Sharif University Students Win 1st Place at 2019 AIAA Competition

The Faras team, from the Aerospace Engineering Department of Iranain Sharif University of Technology has won the first place at 2019 AIAA competition (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics.)

The Faras team had gained a place among the 3 top teams in the first round of the competition which was held in June for their proposal on the engine design competition.

September:

Iranian Scientists Win Silver in 2019 Silicon Valley Int’l Invention Festival

Iranian researchers won a silver medal at the Silicon Valley International Invention Festival for presenting their innovative plan for reducing car's emissions.

Alireza Ghafarellahi and Komeyl Ghanbari could design and create an environmentally friendly fuel filter which prevents incomplete combustion and decrease energy consumption.

As the researcher explained, incomplete combustion is generally due to poor mixing of the air and fuel, insufficient residence time, insufficient temperature and low total excess air. Through creating actions and reactions in hydrocarbon fuels, this fuel filter can prevent incomplete combustion and lead the process toward the complete form.

Iran’s Largest Mobile Power Plant Unveiled

The largest mobile power plant of the country was unveiled concurrent with the 15th edition of Iran International Water & Wastewater Exhibition for use in critical and sensitive infrastructures of water and wastewater industry in critical and emergency situations such as floods and earthquakes.

This mobile power plant can take necessary measures such as supplying water in the shortest time possible in order to cover various parts of the country in critical and emergency conditions such as flood and earthquake.

Iran Moves Up 17 Steps in Producing Science of Stem Cells in ME Region

Secretary of Stem Cells Development Headquarters of Vice Presidency for Science and Technology Amir Ali Hamidieh said that Islamic Republic of Iran climbed 17 steps in the science production of stem cells.

Methods of gene therapy, cell therapy, tissue engineering and regenerative medicine are carried out in more than 1,060 clinical trial (clinical study) in the world, 93 of which will be commercialized in very near future.

Hamidieh pointed to the establishment of 917 companies in the field of gene therapy, cell therapy and regenerative medicine in the world and stated, “if products of 10 percent of these companies are hit the market, giant steps will be taken in this field.”

Increasing the number of hematopoietic stem cell transplant centers to 18 centers in various parts of the country, setting up student’s research centers in the field of stem cells and regenerative medicine in Karaj, Shiraz and Kerman, organizing four editions of Student Olympiad are of the other salient measures taken by the Headquarters.

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