ISCA News Reviews:

Iran 2019 Scientific and Academic Breakthroughs/ Part 4

Sunday, January 12, 2020 - 15:35

2019 has had its share of science and technology advances and with so many remarkable things happening in the science and tech worlds, it is difficult to choose which to talk about.

According to an ISCA report, here are a few ongoing developments that happened during the last year.

October 2019:

Iranian Universities to Unveil App for Alzheimer's Prevention

Researchers from University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences in cooperation with Sharif University of Technology will unveil an App for Alzheimer's Prevention on October 8, 2019.

Dr. Nasibeh Zanjari, in collaboration with a research team from Sharif University of Technology with the support of Office of Health Technology Developments, created this application to slow down the loss of memory and independence.

Dementia and Alzheimer's are the highly debilitating disorders that seriously damage a sufferer's quality of life. As these disorders get progressively worse over time, the process can be highly distressing to the sufferers and their loved ones.

IAU Researchers Apply Spherical Nanoparticles to Eradicate Cancerous Tumors

Researchers from Islamic Azad University have succeeded in eradicating cancerous tumors through distributing uniform particles and applying a novel drug delivery system.

a new pH-responsive nanocarrier, based on mesoporous silica nanoparticle which was functionalized by polyamidoamine dendrimer with sugar conjugation was designed for targetable and controllable delivery of deferasirox to cancer cells.

The research was carried out by IAU researchers, Arezoo Sodagar in cooperation with Pedram Ebrahimnejad and Amir Heidarinasab from Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences School of Pharmacy and Dr. Azim Akbarzadeh, researcher of Pasteur Institute of Iran, which the results were published on Materials Science and Engineering: C.

Qazvin IAU Engineers Develop Industrial, Rescue & Military Robots

The Research and Technology Deputy of Qazvin Islamic Azad University has stated that the university is active in manufacturing industrial, rescue and military robots.

In his interview with ISCA News Agency, Farbod Fakhrabadi explained that the smaller size of the Quadro (Q1), an electric automobile, known as the Quadricycle, weighs less than 400kg that is working with the Maximum power of driving force (15kw) without requiring battery pack.

He declared that reducing environmental pollution and traffic congestion in metropolitan areas as well as providing comfortable driving, are some advantages of Quadricycle; also added that localizing such technologies requires necessary infrastructure.

Fakhrabadi introduced an industrial robot, designed by Qazvin IAU Mechatronics Research Laboratory, with 5-DOF robotic arm that can lift 700g load. In comparison with its foreign sample, the robot costs more reasonable which includes 240 degrees rotation, automatic basis for users’ safety, carrying people up to 150 kg, equipping with a pager to alert the user and having a Microswitch to secure the safe area as well.

Iranian Students Win 6 Medals at ITE 2019

Iranian students received six medals at the International Invention & Trade Expo (ITE 2019) in London, UK.

The Secretary of the fourth Avicenna student festival Mehdi Rashidi Jahan said that Iranian students won two gold, two silver and two bronze medals at ITE 2019.

Iranian student teams, including Mahdis Mirzaie and Ghazal Ghaljoughi from Mashhad, Kian Miraftabzadeh, Ali Takin, Reza Hashemian and Tannaz Navidi from Tehran managed to grab 2 gold medals at the ITE 2019, he said.

Another student team consisting of Mahroo Mansouri, Niki Ghobaie, Parnaz Mirdehghani and Ghaza Zare from Tehran, Mahan Tabatabaie from Bandar Abbas, each team received a silver medal and Alireza ghadim fromShahriar and Yasamin Rezaie from Karaj who won the bronze medal at this competition, he added.

Iranian Researcher Creates Smart Uniform for Soldiers

Iranian researchers have created smart uniforms for soldiers using an array of sensors to monitor vital signs and detect radioactive and landmines.

Amir Abbas Mohammadi, the project head, explained that the vital signs and the geographical location are displayed on an LCD.

He declared that the prototype included three sections: garment, gloves and boots, each of them with special abilities. “In the first phase, we introduced gloves for climbers that could provide heat to the user at a temperature of minus 40 degrees; also in areas without signal they could provide vital signs and geographical indications to the climber. These gloves will prevent climbers from getting lost,” he said.

The boots are equipped to advance micro-scanners that can find mines 40 centimeters. They also sense radioactive material and notify the soldier by displaying their data on a screen, Iranian media quoted him as saying.

The outfit’s 12 sensors can measure pulse, blood pressure, humidity, temperature, coordinates, distance as well as light. It is also equipped with lasers for various functions.

The project won the third place in Istanbul International Inventions Fair (ISIF’19) last month in which 400 teams and 1,000 inventors from 30 countries participated.

Shahrekord IAU Faculty Members Develop Effective Drug for Gastric Cancer Treatment

Faculty members of Shahrekord Islamic Azad University have developed an effective medicine for gastric cancer treatment.

The result of the research, carried out by Farhang Tirgir in cooperation with Sadegh Farhadian, Behzad Shareghi, Somayeh Reiisi, Neda Gholamian, Lida Momeni and Ehsan Heidari, has been published in the journal of Molecular Liquids.

Based on the research, over the past decades, anti-cancer drugs consist of cytotoxic drugs, have been interested and developed. Despite the great advances in chemotherapy, there is still no certain medical treatment for cancer.

Researchers hope that the results of this research will be useful for medical science and pharmacy.

November 2019:

Qazvin IAU Team Ranks 2nd in RoboCup Asia-Pacific 2019

Robotic team of Young Researchers and Elite Club of Qazving IAU have gained second place in RoboCup Asia-Pacific 2019 held in Moscow, Russia from November 6-11.

According to an ISCA report, Qazving IAU team, including Kazem Firoumandi, Mohammad Hossein Delavaran, Soheil Khatibi, Payman Fallahzadeh, Abolfazl Ashayeri, Hamed Mahmoudi, Maryam Abbasi Dastjerdi and Faezeh Kazemi, won the second place in RoboCup Asia-Pacific 2019.

The team claimed first and second places at various categories of World Robotics Championship in Montreal, Canada, also with six points won the 2nd RoboCup Asia Pacific, which was held in Kish Island, southern Iran.

Iranian Researchers Develop System for Determining Internal Structure of Bone

Dr. Mohsen Ahmadi, faculty member of Shahid Beheshti University, department of Biomedical Engineering and Medical Physics, has developed a system which can determine an internal structure of a bone along a drilling path.

Dr. Mohsen Ahmadi, in cooperation with other researchers, could develop a device which can determine internal structures of a bone during surgery, particularly to a method and device for determining internal structures of a bone during implant surgery, and more specifically relates to a method and device for determining internal structures of a bone using changes in a liquid jet flow pressure.

Based on the patent description, natural teeth may be lost as a result of dental diseases or trauma making it desirable for replacement with a dental implant. A dental implant may be surgically positioned within the mandibular or maxillary alveolar bone. A screw hole may be drilled in the mandibular or maxillary alveolar bone for fixing the dental implant in the bone.

Iran Ranks First in AI research in West Asia

The Islamic Republic of Iran is ranked at the first place among the West Asian countries in terms of the number of papers in the field of artificial intelligence (AI) in 2018, according to data released by SCImago Journal.

With 1,813 papers, Iran took first place among other countries in the region in the field of AI research in 2018, followed by Turkey with 1,678 researches, the data analysis shows.

Iranian Researcher Creates Environmental Friendly Polymer Materials for Packaging Industry

Iranian researchers from Amirkabir University of Technology have created environmental friendly polymer materials which can be applied in manufacturing parts, food packaging and the medical industry.

Mahsa Nematollahi in cooperation with Azam Jalali‐Arani and Hamid Modarress released the results of their study, “High‐performance bio‐based poly(lactic acid)/natural rubber/epoxidized natural rubber blends: effect of epoxidized natural rubber on microstructure, toughness and static and dynamic mechanical properties” in Polymer International scientific journal.

December 2019:

Students from Sharif Uni. Win ICSR 2019 Award

Iranian students from Sharif University won Special Mention Award of the 11th International Conference on Software and Systems Reuse (ICSR 2019) for designing 'MAYA: an Intelligent Elephant Social Robot'.

Elham Ranjkar, Raman Rafatnejad, Ali Amoozandeh Nobaveh, Ali Meghdari, Minoo Alemi were the prize winners from Sharif University.

The 11th International Conference on Social Robotics (ICSR 2019), was held on November 26th-29th, in Madrid, Spain.

Iranian Researchers Develop Carbon Nanotubes That Can Increase Solar Cells Efficiency

Researchers from Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University have succeeded in developing the efficiency of solar cells beyond 17% via engineering the length and quality of grafts in organic halide perovskite/CNT photovoltaics.

Renewable energy resources are virtually inexhaustible in duration but limited in the amount of energy that is available per unit of time.

In this regard, Samira Agbolaghi, faculty member of Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University Chemical Engineering Department, and her research team could develop a simple and inexpensive approach which could increase the efficiency of solar cells beyond 17%.

Iranian Researchers Design Biosensor for Detecting Antibiotics in Food Industry

Researchers from Research Institute of Food Science and Technology have succeeded to design a liquid crystal-based aptasensing platform for ultrasensitive detection of tetracycline.

According to an ISCA report, Dr. Asma Verdian, the research project executor, explained that overuse of antibiotics in producing livestock products can lead to the antibiotic resistance, allergic reactions and liver and dental injury.

Based on the research, which its results published in Talanta journal, Tetracycline is a broad-spectrum antibiotic used in the therapy of human and animal. The overuse of tetracycline, an antibiotics and growth stimulants, in veterinary medicine can lead to their accumulation in animal-based food.

In this regard, researchers developed a novel label-free liquid crystal (LC) aptasensor based on intrinsic properties of nematic LCs for ultra-sensitive detection of tetracycline.

Iranian Researchers Invent Dressing for Chronic Wounds

Researchers from Tarbiat Modares University have invented a kind of dressing that carries medicine which can be used for healing chronic wounds and does not need to be changed.

Dr. Hamed Bagheri, faculty member of Tarbiat Modares University, explained that this high flexible and soft biodegradable wound dressing can speed up healing and is made from natural materials, Poly Lactic Acid and Polyethylene glycol.

As he said, this invention, registered with the title of transdermal patch made of PLA- PE, can carry various types of required medicine which are suitable for healing burn wounds, pressure ulcer and diabetic wounds.

Iranian Researchers Develop Nanosensors Detecting Heavy Metals in Drinking Water

Researchers from University of Tehran have developed a kind of nanosensor which its sensitivity for mercury detection can be improved by using learning-based smart phone colorimetry.

According to an ISCA report, in this study, University of Tehran researchers, Samira Sajed, Fatemeh Arefi, Mohammadreza Kolahdouz and Mohammad Amin Sadeghi, could design a gadget and print by using a lightweight 3D material, which can be attached to any smart phone and integrated with optical components.

Based on the study, “a full color TFT LCD display was used as the uniform source of any color of light. Aptamer conjugated gold nanoparticles were employed to determine the concentration of Hg2+ as the basis of a colorimetric sensor.

Iranian Scientists Develop Paracycling System for People with Spinal Cord Injury

Scientists from Iran University of Science and Technology have developed neuromotor prosthesis, Paracycling System, as an assistive device that restores functions lost as a result of neural damage.

"Paracycling System" has been created with the support of Presidential Deputy for Science and Technology in Iran Neural Technology Center of Iran University of Science and Technology.

The system helps people with spinal cord injuries use their muscles by neuromuscular stimulation; it also prevents diseases such as osteoporosis, bed wounds, kidney and bladder infections, cardiovascular failures and etc.

Iranian scientists have taken major steps in the development of neurology and neuro sciences and this national macro-project is now ready to enter the market.


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